, Initially, the archival materials of the Church were stored at the Lateran Palace, then the official papal residence.. It is called the secret service not because it is a mysterious agency, but because it is the personal protection of the nation’s leaders. The charge: kidnapping two young Jewish boys, Robert and Gérald Finaly, whose parents had perished in a Nazi death camp. In an effort to respond to critics, it was Montini himself who later, as Pope Paul VI, commissioned a group of Jesuit scholars to pore through the Vatican archives—which have remained closed to other scholars until now—to bring to light all relevant documents regarding the pope’s and the Vatican secretary of state’s actions as they considered how to respond to the unfolding horrors of the Second World War. The word "secret" continues to be used in this older, original sense in English in phrases such as "secret servants", "secret cupbearer", "secret carver", or "secretary", much like an esteemed position of honour and regard comparable to a VIP. It had been Fritz’s wish, his sister-in-law told Brun, that if anything were to happen to him and Anni, his sisters would look after the boys. ET on September 22, 2020. , As Napoleon conquered the states on the Italian peninsula in the 1790s, he demanded works of art and manuscripts as tribute. By the time Napoleon became emperor in 1804, he envisaged a central archive in Paris of the records and treasures of Europe. We are very pleased to announce that the project Web Thematic Pathways of Medieval Manuscripts (from the Vatican Collections using International Image Interoperability Framework), is now live. Despite a mounting official campaign against the Jews in France, the Finalys had both boys circumcised, in accordance with Jewish law, eight days after birth. In considering this question, the proposed message to the German authorities—again, to be delivered only verbally—ended by raising the possibility that the Vatican might speak out publicly at some point: “If one renews the harsh measures against the minimal Jewish minority, which includes a notable number of members of the Catholic religion”—that is, Jews who had converted to Catholicism but were still regarded as Jews by both German and Italian authorities—“how will the Church be able to remain silent and not loudly lament before the whole world the fate of men and women not guilty of any crime toward whom it cannot, without failing to carry out its divine mission, deny its compassion and all its maternal care?”, On receiving the proposed protest, the cautious Pius XII turned to Dell’Acqua for advice. The Jewish press, he wrote in a memo for the pope on July 29, was casting the outcome of the Finaly affair as a victory.  The disparate archives of the rival papal claimants were not fully reunited in the Vatican's archives until 1784. Early in the 21st century, the Vatican Apostolic Archives began an in-house digitization project, to attempt to both make the documents more available to researchers and to help to preserve aging physical documents. President Jimmy Carter is one of the only presidents Ever to claim to have seen a ufo. Did Montini’s involvement on Pius XII’s behalf bother him at the time? ", "Catholic World News : Computerizing Archives for the Holy Office, Inquisition", "Artificial Intelligence Is Cracking Open the Vatican's Secret Archives", "In codice ratio: OCR of handwritten Latin documents using deep convolutional networks", "In Codice Ratio: Scalable Transcription of Vatican Registers", "The Archive of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Penitentiary", The Vatican Palace, as a Scientific Institute, Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See, Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Agency for the Evaluation and Promotion of Quality, Congregation for Indulgences and Sacred Relics, Secretariate of Briefs to Princes and of Latin Letters, Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church, Pontifical Council for Social Communications, Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe, Palace of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Palace of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vatican_Apostolic_Archive&oldid=998045567, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with failed verification from September 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, House of Retreat for the Clergy of Saints John and Paul, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 15:04. On January 29, 1953, the court ordered Brun arrested for failing to produce the boys. By then, the boys were 10 and 11. “The persecution of the Jews that the Holy See justly deplores is one thing,” Dell’Acqua advised the pope, “especially when it is carried out with certain methods, and quite another thing is to be wary of the Jews’ influence: this can be quite opportune.” Indeed, the Vatican-overseen Jesuit journal, La Civiltà Cattolica, had been repeatedly warning of the need for government laws to restrict the rights of the Jews in order to protect Christian society from their alleged depredations. They confided the boys’ whereabouts to their friend Marie Paupaert, asking her to look out for the children in the event of their own arrest. , Pope Francis announced on 4 March 2019 that materials relating to Pope Pius XII will be opened on 2 March 2020. , There are other Holy See archives in Rome, since each department of the Roman Curia has its own archives. 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Posted on January 9, 2021 in Uncategorized